EPA Compliance Without Changing Your Chemistry or Technique -

EPA Compliance Without Changing Your Chemistry or Technique

As an industry leader, we need to ask ourselves, are we doing everything we can to MINIMIZE THE RISK of employee’s exposure to HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS? Is our industry ignoring the fact that there is a serious problem with CARCINOGENIC substances? Is the practice of MASKING DANGEROUS odors with perfumes the right solution? Or have we truly given the problem our full attention and consideration on implementing the BEST SOLUTION TO THE PROBLEM?

As the Founder and President of AirVerter, I have served our industry for the past 54 years and have lead my team in the development of equipment in the areas of CAPTURING, CONTAINING CONTROLLING AND FILTERING hazardous air pollutants. I am not only committed in making changes for the better, but I am also asking you to be courageous in joining me to lead the way. Whether it is acting responsibly or just taking on the responsibility, change is needed and we can do it together. Over the years my company has served and continues to serve leading companies in the aviation and ship maintenance industry: U.S. Navy SIMA (Surface Intermediate Maintenance Activity) Boeing, Northrop Grumman, Lockheed, General Dynamics, Sikorsky & many others.

I have given considerable thought and years of personal involvement in the gathering of data in order to write and share this composition. There are two major subjects in this composition I would like to point out. Number one, I want to give the assurance that the information being provided on toxic air emissions is not our interpretation but the findings and publications of LEADERS in THE AIR QUALITY INDUSTRY. Number two, the development of our solutions from identifying the problem to a concept model, to extensive in house and field testing, to that of being issued a U.S. patent showing and supporting our ability and our commitment in providing a SOLUTION to our client’s AIR QUALITY PROBLEMS. Finally, I would like to add that the EPA is lowering the limits of toxic air emissions substantially. This is why now is the time! We need to take a look at our current business practices and be honest with ourselves, can we do better in being an INNOVATIVE BUSINESS PERFORMER? My suggestion is that we as an industry work together. We need to be well informed on the challenges that plague our industry and then collectively create and implement the BEST SOLUTIONS to our air quality problems.

Bill Smith

1) Title: Odor could be Deadly

2) 187 toxic air emission hazards specified by the EPA:

There are 187 hazardous air pollutants (HAPS) that the EPA is required to control. (see attachment)
The National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants, also using the acronym
NESHAP, are emissions standards set by the United States Environmental Protection Agency
(EPA). Toxic air emissions originate from human made sources including: vehicles, factories /industrial, and utilities. Major sources emit 10 or more tons per year of any of the listed toxic air pollutants. Area sources include smaller size facilities that emit less than 10 tons per year of a single toxin. It must be understood that there are many toxins considered safe at low levels that we either ingest, inhale or absorb through our skin daily. These exposures if only on an occasional event are considered to be safe and not harmful to humans. However, the exposure to these chemicals can be found everywhere: work, home, cleaning products, off-gassing from furniture, bedding, and contaminated clothing and hair just to name a few. Now consider multiple daily exposure from different contributing sources, the possibility of synergistic effects between chemicals and the dangers they could have to a healthy vibrant person or a more fragile sick person, children and to the elderly. The real question is HOW MUCH IS TOO MUCH? In conclusion, the purpose of this paper is to present a method(s) for containing, capturing, controlling, and filtering at the work place. The responsibility of the employer to their employees could one day be challenged. A pattern of sick or injured employees could possibility lead to that of a class action suit. The cost to the employees not only opens the doors to legal actions but it also impairs the productivity in the work place, the functionality of workers, the potential of affecting an employee’s family members, and also very important to note, your company’s reputation.

4) William C Smith, Smith Eastern Corporation, AirVerter:

William C Smith, Sole Owner of Smith Eastern Corporation founded in 1964. William
(Bill) is a World War II Veteran, serving in the U.S. Navy. Winner of multiple awards &
patents, many of those related to Capture-Contain-Control of air toxins. The most
significant of these is a Congressional Award for INNOVATION awarded by the
Defense Logistics Agency (DLA). We were1 out of 10,000 Small Businesses entrants in the
selection process. General Service Administration (GSA), over 300 (NSNS) National Stock Numbers, assuring consistent quality & accuracy. Issued over 20 patents: almost all related to-Environment/Toxins/Air Quality.


The CAA (Clean Air Act) was enacted by President Nixon in 1970. The Environmental Protection Act was formed to enforce the measures revealed by the
Clean Air Act.


• CAA (Clean Air Act)
• EPA (Environmental Protection Act)
• OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Act)
• NIOSH (National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health)
• State Regulatory Agencies
• Local Regulatory Agencies

7) Patents:

Multiple Patents, with approved practices that conform to CAA-EPA and OSHA
mandates: CAPTURE-CONTAIN-CONTROL toxic air emissions all coming in (BDL)
below the EPA detectable levels.

8) WHO and The Montreal Protocol:

The WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION is organized to build a better, healthier future for people all over the world. To monitor internationally the substances that deplete the ozone layer (a protocol to the Vienna convention for the protection of the ozone layer) is an international treaty conceived to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production of numerous substances that are responsible for ozone depletion.

9) Engineering Controls:

“In the control of those occupational diseases caused by breathing air contaminated
with harmful dust, fogs, fumes, mists, gases, smokes, sprays or vapors, the primary objective shall be to PREVENT atmospheric contamination.

At AirVerter we have developed a variety of systems to CAPTURE-CONTAIN-
CONTROL hazards. By industrial hygiene air sampling testing, the results in all instances have yielded a result of BDL (Below Detectable Levels).

10) Olfactory:

The olfactory system or sense of smell is part of the sensory system used for smelling
(olfaction). Your ability to smell comes from specialized sensory cells, called olfactory sensory neurons, which are found in a small patch of tissue, high inside the nose.

• Once the neurons detect the molecules, they send messages to your brain, which identifies the smell. There are more smells in the environment than there are receptors, and any given molecule may stimulate a combination of receptors, creating a unique representation in the brain.

11) Supplements:

Agriculture spraying of herbicides, pesticides, insecticides and fertilizer cause
hundreds of millions of dollars of damage and cause innumerable health problems.

• Related article Discover magazine, November 2017 Issue, “Sense and
Sensibility: The Nose Knows More Than You.”
• Chromium phosphate, the chemistry of foams and adhesives.
• Off-Gassing
• Benzene
o BENZENE is the simplest & most common aromatic compound. It is a natural component of crude oil (petroleum) and trace amounts may be present in gasoline.  Benzene is used as a chemical building block for the production of many important industrial compounds, such as styrene, phenol, cyclohexane, aniline, alkylbenzenes and chlorobenzenes. These and other intermediates are used to produce pharmaceuticals, specialty chemicals, plastics, glazing materials, resins, dyes, and pesticides. See 1 for further details, see Product Uses.  DOW CORP. benzene is manufactured for industrial use only and is NOT USED directly in consumer products. It is manufactured, stored, and transported in closed systems. Control measures, including equipment design and handling procedures. It has been established to minimize potential exposure to workers, community, and the ENVIRONMENTAL SOURCES of benzene are gasoline, combustion products, and cigarette smoke. The level of benzene in gasoline has been significantly reduced because of potential health hazards. Unleaded automobile gasoline generally has a benzene content of about 1%. For further details, see Exposure Potential.  Benzene has been shown to be TOXIC to both humans and experimental animals via all routes of administration (.2) Inhalation is the most common type of benzene exposure. However, benzene also can be absorbed into the body by skin contact and ingestion. Very high concentrations of benzene vapors cause narcotic effects and can lead to death. Repeated exposures to benzene in human’s lead, to depression of white and red blood cells. Benzene is classified as a human carcinogen. Benzene can cause burns to the skin.3 For further details, see Health Information.
o Process – Most benzene is produced by the following three processes: 1. Catalytic reforming of petroleum-derived naphtha 2. Extraction from pyrolysis gasoline that is generated during ethylene production 3. Toluene hydrodealkylation (HDA) or toluene disproportionation (TDP)
o Product Description 5,7 Benzene, C6H6, is a volatile, clear, colorless, and flammable liquid aromatic hydrocarbon possessing a distinct, characteristic odor. It occurs naturally in fossil raw materials such as crude oil and coal tar.
o Workplace exposure – Exposure can occur either in a benzene during the transport of benzene, or in the various industrial or manufacturing facilities that use benzene. Each manufacturing facility and transportation operation should have a thorough training program for employees and equipment in place to limit benzene exposure guidelines designed to be protective of worker health for benzene vary, but are approximately 0.5 parts per million (or 500 parts per billion) over an 8 significantly higher than expo exposure can potentially be one of the largest sources of benzene exposure.
o The largest source of personal exposure to Benzene is cigarette smoke. The mobiles and other mobile sources.
o Health Information 17,18,19,20 Liquid benzene is irritating to the skin and eyes. Exposure to high levels of benzene vapor – well above the odor threshold – can cause drowsiness, respiratory irritation, dizziness, rapid heart rate, headache, tremor, confusion, and unconsciousness. Oral ingestion of high levels of benzene can cause vomiting, stomach irritation, dizziness, sleepiness, convulsions, rapid heart rate, and death. The major effect of repeated exposures to benzene is on the blood. Benzene causes harmful effects on the bone marrow and can cause a decrease in red blood cells leading to anemia, and white blood cells leading to alterations in the function of the immune system. It can also cause excessive bleeding and increase chances of infection. Long-term exposure to high levels of benzene vapor can also cause leukemia, particularly acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), a cancer of the blood-forming organs. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services classifies benzene as a known CARCINOGEN. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) classify benzene as a known human carcinogen. Benzene can pass from the mother’s blood to a fetus. Animal studies have shown low birth weights, delayed bone formation, and bone marrow damage when pregnant animals were exposed to high concentrations of benzene vapor well above those experienced by either workers or public consumers.

• Adhesives and sealants.
• Human cancer risks
• Chemistry of paint


• Are well established human lung carcinogens. Solubility plays an important role in their carcinogenicity with the particulate Cr(VI) compounds being the most carcinogenic. It targets the respiratory system, kidneys, liver, skin and eyes. The compounds may be used as pigments in dyes, paints, inks and plastics.
• Carbon Monoxide
• Carbon Dioxide
• Isocyanates (no smell/odor)
o Used in an extensive range of products with widespread industrial, commercial, and retail or consumer applications. Isocyanates can be found in sealants, elastomers, adhesives, and coating, including paints and varnishes. Exposure can cause; rhinitis and conjunctivitis, pneumonitis, contact dermatitis, and chronic airflow obstruction, with variable and overlapping clinical syndromes.

• Amines
• Department of Health and Human Services

12) Conclusion:

Hazards from Spraying: Exposure Leads to:
Petroleum Solvent headaches
Isocyanates Asthma
Toluene Cancer
Xylene Fatigue
Ketones Time off Work
Benzenes and Others Nausea

Current engineering control practices being used are limited mainly to a respirators and spray booths. At AirVerter we are not limited to just these controls. “Our mission is to generate innovative solutions in order to maximize employee safety, environmental protection and efficiency.”






Product Video – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jmeRWOfP4tU&t=13s

About The Author


Your Cart